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The Word ‘So’

by Mark January 26, 2021

So, what would you like to learn about today? Are you studying English so that you can pass an exam? Do you want to learn English so as to be able to speak to people from other countries? The word ‘so’ can be used be many different ways. In this blog we’ll study these different ways, give some examples, and you can test yourself and so on. Let’s go!

The word ‘so’ can be used in five different ways:

  1. ‘So’ can mean therefore, consequently or as a result.
  2. ‘So that’ can mean in order that
  3. ‘So as to’ can mean in order to
  4. ‘and so on’ means etcetera
  5. ‘So’ can also be used as a way to start a conversation, or introduce a new topic of conversation.

Therefore, consequently, as a result

So, as we know, the word ‘so’ can be used to mean therefore, consequently or as a result.  For example:

‘The weather was sunny so we went to the beach’ – In this sentence, the word ‘so’ means ‘therefore, consequently’ or ‘as a result’ and so we could rewrite this sentence and say:

‘The weather was sunny. Therefore, we went to the beach.’

Another example:

‘The food was delicious so I ate two portions.’ We could rewrite this sentence and say:

‘The food was delicious. As a result, I ate two portions.’

In order that

So, as we know, the word ‘so’ can be used to mean therefore, consequently or as a result.  For example:

‘The weather was sunny so we went to the beach’ – In this sentence, the word ‘so’ means ‘therefore, consequently’ or ‘as a result’ and so we could rewrite this sentence and say:

‘The weather was sunny. Therefore, we went to the beach.’

Another example:

‘The food was delicious so I ate two portions.’ We could rewrite this sentence and say:

‘The food was delicious. As a result, I ate two portions.’

In order to

Here are some example sentences of the word ‘so as to’ with the meaning of ‘in order to’

‘June shopped online so as to save money.’ We could rewrite this sentence and say:

‘June shopped online in order to save money.’

‘Diana wears a coat so as to keep warm.’ We could also rewrite this sentence and say:

‘Diana wears a coat in order to keep warm.’

Etcetera (etc.)

Here are some example sentences of the words ‘and so on’ with the meaning of ‘etc.’

‘Josh likes sports. He plays basketball, football, rugby and so on.’ We could also rewrite this sentence and say:

‘Josh likes sports. He plays basketball, football, rugby etc.’

And another example:

‘Maria has visited Africa, Asia, North America and so on.’ We could also rewrite this sentence and say:

‘Maria has visited Africa, Asia, North America etc.’

The uses of 'So'

So: therefore, consequently, as a result
It was raining so we decided to stay at home.

So that: in order that
I’m learning English so that I can study at university in England.

So as to: in order to
I’m going to the sop so as to buy some bread.

And so on: etc.
I went to the store and bought some milk, cheese, bread, and so on.

Thank you for reading our post. You’ll find more English grammar tips elsewhere on our site and if you’d like information on our English courses in Dublin, please do not hesitate to contact us.

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